Things other than alcohol which could register a BAC
Sucking a Fishermen's Friend could get you into California DUI
Police in Germany are warning motorists that sucking a Fishermen's Friend
could get them into DUI trouble. It comes after a 24-year-old driver was
found to be over the legal DUI /drink-drive limit during a routine DUI
control in Munich. He was taken to the police station where DUI blood
tests found he had no alcohol in his system.
The man was released after DUI officers found the strongest thing he had
taken was a Fisherman's Friend. Forensic doctor Thomas Gilg said the essential
oils contained in the throat sweets reacted in the same way as alcohol
on hand-held DUI breathalysers. He said in tests they found just three
of the mentholated sweets could cause a motorist to test three (3) times
over the legal DUI limit.
Fisherman's Friend are strong menthol lozenges produced in Fleetwood,
Lancashire, England. Fisherman's Friend were originally developed by a
young pharmacist called James Lofthouse in 1865 to relieve various respiratory
problems suffered by fishermen working in the extreme conditions of the
Icelandic deep-sea fishing grounds. Originally developed as an extremely
strong liquid remedy containing menthol and eucalyptus oil, Lofthouse
made this liquid into small lozenges which were easier to transport and
to administer. According to the manufacturer, the fishermen soon began
to refer to the lozenges as their "friends", hence the name.
The lozenges exist in their current form relatively unchanged since their
creation. The lozenges still come in their famous paper packets, although
these are now foil-lined.
Fisherman's Friend are now available in over a hundred countries, in a
variety of flavours, some of which are only available in certain countries.
Lofthouse do provide a mail order service allowing UK residents to obtain
some of the more exotic or difficult to find flavours. Some flavours are
sugar-free, for which the bags are striped:
• Original Extra Strong
• Super Strong Mint
• Sugar-free (using sorbitol)
o Apple and Cinnamon
o Strong Salmiak (Selected European Markets)
o Spicy Mandarin
o Cool Cassis
Original Lozenges contain the following ingredients as listed:
• Edible Starch
• Edible Gum
• Menthol (0.9%)
• Eucalyptus Oil (0.15%)
• Capsicum Tincture
Chewing gum doubles Chewing gum doubles BAC on breathalyzer Chewing Gum
Doubles BAC on Breathalyzer? (Myth or Fact?)
Chewing gum doubles BAC on breathalyzer
A guy was stopped on New Year's Eve and was required to take a DUI breath
test to register his BAC. The results came back above the legal limit
08% in this state. He swears he had only had four beers the whole night,
but that he had been chewing gum - Orbit, Dentyne Ice - one of those
really strong mint gums.
He insists that the DUI arresting officer told him that the police love
when people chew
those gums after drinking because it doubles the BAC that registers on
So if he registered .10%, then really it should only have been .05% and
he was safe
(or at least legal) to drive. Four beers could have scientifically made
him a .04-.05%.
Truth about California DUI Breathalyzers
A breathalyser (or breathalyzer) is a device for estimating blood alcohol
content (BAC) from a breath sample. "Breathalyzer" is the brand
name of one manufacturer of these instruments, but has become a genericized
trademark for all such instruments. Intoxilyzer, Alcosensor, Alcoscan,
Intoximeter and BAC Datamaster are other common brand names.
California DUI breath analyzers don't actually test blood alcohol content
or concentration, which requires the analysis of a blood sample. Instead,
they estimate breathalyzer BAC indirectly.
Two California DUI technologies are in use: (1) a spectrophotometer how
to cheat a breathalyzer test that is used by police forces to detect the
amount of alcohol in one's breath during evidential breath testing, and
(2) fuel cell-based instruments breathalyzer versus urinalysis that are
used at roadside screening.
Different types of California DUI machines use different techniques and
larger machines generally yield better estimates than do hand-held models.
alcohol breathalyzer testing statistics Therefore, some states don't allow
alcohol breathalyzer data or breathalyzer and effexor "readings"
from hand-held machines to be presented as evidence in DUI court. e.g. South
Dakota did not permit data from the breathalyzer but relies entirely on
blood tests to ensure accuracy.
Common California DUI breath testing problems
A major problem with some California DUI machines is that they not only
identify the ethyl alcohol (or ethanol) found in alcohol beverages, but
also other substances similar in molecular structure. Those California DUI
machines identify any compound bar breathalyzer containing the methyl group
structure. Over one hundred compounds can be found in the human breath at
any one time and 70 to 80 percent of them contain methyl group structure.
These are fair and scientifically-based ways to show the California DUI
breathalyzer incorrectly detects breath test ethyl alcohol.
Important is the fact that the more different ethyl group substances the
machine detects, the higher will be the false California DUI BAC estimate.
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has found that
dieters and diabetics can have acetone levels hundreds and even thousand
of times higher than those in others. Acetone is one of the many substances
that can be falsely identified as ethyl alcohol.
Substances in the environment can altoids cause a positive reading on a
California DUI breathalyzer test can also lead to false BAC readings. For
example, an alcohol-free subject was asked to apply a pint of contact cement
to a how breathalyzer works piece of plywood and then to apply a gallon
of oil-base paint to a wall. The total activity lasted about an hour. Twenty
minutes later the subject was tested on an Intoxilyzer, which registered
a BAC of .12 percent. This level is 50% higher than a BAC of .08, which
constitutes legal intoxication.
Any number of other products found in the environment can cause erroneous
California DUI BAC results. These include compounds found in lacquers, paint
removers, celluloid, gasoline, and cleaning fluids. Other common things
that can cause false BAC levels are alcohol, blood or vomit in the subject's
mouth, electrical interference from cell phones, fisherman's friend, radios,
tobacco smoke, dirt, and moisture.
California DUI Breath testers can be very sensitive to temperature and will
give false readings alcohol and vicodin breathalyzer car security and breathalyzer
if not adjusted or recalibrated to account for ambient or surrounding underage
drinking without using breathalyzer breathalyzer description air temperatures.
The temperature of the subject is also very important. Each one Fahrenheit
degree of body temperature above normal will cause a substantial elevation
(about 8%) in apparent BAC.
California DUI breath testing machines assume a 2,100-to-1 ratio in converting
alcohol in the breath to estimates of alcohol in the blood. However, this
ratio varies from 1,900 to 2,400 (and more) among people and also within
a person over time. This variation also leads to false BAC readings.
Physical activity and home breathalyzer hyperventilation can lower apparent
BAC levels. One study found that the BAC readings of subjects decreased
11 to 14% after running up one flight of stairs and 22-25% after doing so
twice. Another study found a 15% decrease marijuana breathalyzer tests in
BAC readings after vigorous exercise or hyperventilaion.
Some California DUI breath analysis machines assume a hematocrit (cell
volume of blood) of 47%. However, hematocrit values range from 42 inaccurate
breathalyzer results to 52% in men and from 37 to 47% in women. A person
with a lower hematocrit will have a falsely high BAC reading.
Failure of California DUI law enforcement officers to use the devices properly
or of administrators breathalyzer testing to have the breathalyzer test
machines properly maintained and re-calibrated as required are additional
sources of error.
Research indicates that California DUI breath tests can vary at least 15%
from actual blood alcohol concentration. An estimated 23% of individuals
tested will have a BAC reading higher than their true BAC.
California DUI Lawyer References
Hlastula, M. Physiological errors associated with alcohol breath tests .
The Champion, 1985, 9,(6).
Pariser, J. L. In vino Veritas: the truth about blood alcohol presumption
in state drunk driving laws. New York Law Review, 1989, 64(1), 141-181.
Peach, R. J. mints + breathalyzer tests Who tests the DUI test? Defense
can't; New Jersey won't let lawyers inspect new breath tests. The National
Law Journal, 2000, 23(6), A4.
Rosenblum. E. Breathlayzer machines are faulted once more. New Jersey Law
Journal, 1988, 122(23), 5.
Sargeant, G. Breathalyzer accuracy challenged. Trial', 1989, 25(12), 22.
Taylor, L. Drunk Driving Defense. New York: Aspen Law and Business, 5th
California DUI attorneys would fairly like the public to notice the possibilities